Are Real World And Online Blackjack Really One And The Same?

Real World Versus Online Blackjack

We live in a world where technology is evolving at an astonishing rate. Movies can be watched online, banking can be done on a portable electronic device, and entire casinos are available to play online, for real money.

People from just a decade or two ago would be astonished at the technology we have today, which suggests that in another decade or two, the same will be true. It’s an amazing time to be alive.

But more specifically, online casinos are currently in a state of growth. And not just an ordinary state of growth, but one that seems to be happening at an absolutely astonishing speed.

More and more people are signing up to try online casinos daily, and trends seem to suggest that it won’t be long before online casinos are as popular as real world casinos.

The question is, however; just how similar are online casino games to their real world counterparts? Can real world blackjack, and online blackjack, really be considered one and the same?

Blackjack dealer land based casino

Online Versus Real World Blackjack Rules

Like the slots NZ has to offer, Blackjack is a straightforward game, with relatively easy to understand rules. Get your cards as close as possible to 21, and hope that the dealer doesn’t get closer. There is much more strategy then that involved, of course, but this is the core of the concept.

And, in case there was ever any doubt, yes, online blackjack follows exactly the same rules as blackjack played in real world casino. An enormous amount of effort has been put into online versions of games, and the rules have been followed to the smallest details.

What can be noted, however, is that there are often many variations of blackjack available at online casinos, more so than is generally found in real world casinos. Real world casinos have limited space, which means that there can only be so many tables dedicated to blackjack in any given venue.

In online casinos, space is obviously not so much a problem. This means that online players can try out many variations of blackjack, with different rules, and likely never have to leave a single online location. As far as convenience and freedom of choice go, online casinos are a winner.

A Matter Of Ambiance

Another notable difference between online and real world casinos is that online casinos simply do not have the ambiance of real world casinos.

Many visitors to real world casinos will say that they love the ambiance, with is generally electric with excitement and tension. It is often a contagious environment, and part of what makes real world casinos so appealing.

This, however, is a double-edged sword. Sometimes when a person is serious about their blackjack, what they don’t want is distractions, and there certainly isn’t any escaping the potentially distracting ambiance of a real world casino.

Play at home, however, and you can be sure of a distraction free environment, if this is what you are looking for. So in this case, it really is a matter of preference. A

As far as rules are concerned, however, online and real world blackjack are more or less identical, depending on the chosen rule set.

Blackjack Pops in Pop Culture

How Blackjack Pops Up in Pop Culture

Next to Slots, Blackjack is the most widely-played casino game in the world. If you’ve ever visited a casino, whether land-based or online, the card game also known as 21 usually occupies a prime position.

And if you are a fan of movies, music, books, and 101 other expressions of popular culture, you’ve probably spotted that Blackjack’s star roles are not limited to collections of casino games.

Let’s take a look at just some of the appearances the game has made, as well as things it has inspired.

Lights, Camera, Action

Arguably the Blackjack movie to end all of them, 21 is a 2008 film based on the true life story of the card-counting MIT Blackjack team.

Filled with plot twists and turns, it follows the team from the maths department to Vegas.

The 1988 box office smash Rain Main, starring Dustin Hoffman and Tom ‘the sofa-jumper’ Cruise, features one of Hollywood’s most glorious Blackjack moments.

The autistic main character has a photographic memory and genius math skills, and puts them to use while counting cards during games.

Between the Covers

A thrilling take on shady underworld figures with a penchant for Blackjack is the James Swain novel Sucker Bet. A central part of the plot is the winning of 80 consecutive hands by a cheating player.

The striking image of an Ace of Spades no doubt provided some inspiration for the appearance of Osamu Tezuka’s manga character Black Jack. Introduced in November 1973, the character enjoyed a weekly print run for 10 years.

Main character Kuro suffered a childhood accident that turned half of his hair white, and left him in need of a facial skin graft. His half-African best friend donated the needed skin, and Kuro’s appearance was changed forever.

We don’t know what the result would have been, had Tezuka decided to call his character mobile slots Canada or something similar.

Feel the Blackjack Beat

References to Blackjack have even crept into the world of music. For starters, a temperament known as miracle temperament was discovered by George Secor in 1974.

The temperament’s evenly-distributed scale of 21 notes is known as the Blackjack scale. New York-based Joseph Pehrson is just one of the composers to have made use of the scale.

Big-voiced balladeer Michael Bolton performed under his real name (Michael Bolotin, in case you were wondering), along with Bruce Kulick, Jimmy Haslip, and Sandy Gennaro in a rock band called Blackjack from 1979-1980.

Believe it or not, the band release two albums and even went on a small US tour during its mercifully short career. Rappers Jay Z and Kanye West obviously don’t mind the music, as both have sampled or re-recorded and sampled Blackjack songs.

Another possible pop culture reference to the popular card game is in the name of now-defunct Aussie band Black Jack. Active in the 1980s and 1990s, the band played classic and heavy metal.

Where to Next

As more and more players discover the timeless thrills of Blackjack, it is bound to enjoy many more appearances in popular culture.

After all, some of those players just may be the next Oscar-winning film director or a best-selling author.

Martingale System And Blackjack

What is the Martingale System in Blackjack?

Blackjack is one of the most popular table casino games in the world. Using a simple, graspable system, yet remaining an extremely difficult game to master, it is one of few casino games that are both simple, yet deeply advanced.

It is also one of very few casino games were a truly skilled player can win consistently, to such an extent that a living could be made off of playing a casino game.

The Martingale betting system is a simple, yet logical betting system that can be applied to casino games. There are a number of betting systems that can be used, often extremely complicated and difficult to apply correctly.

The Martingale system, however, is as simple as a betting system can get, yet often gives incredibly good results. In the game of roulette the Martingale system can be used along with a simple strategy, granting curiously consistent results, given how simple the system itself is.

But can the Martingale system be used when playing online blackjack in Canada or anywhere else for that matter, and still give acceptable results? Let’s take a closer look.

How Martingale Works

The Martingale system is negative progression, which simply means that a player ups their bet upon losing, in an effort to recoup the losses, while still making a profit. To put it more simply, the player may start with 1 unit of bet currency. If a lose is suffered, the bet is raised to 2 units. This will cover the lost, and make profit, assuming the round is a win. If it is a lost, the next bet will be 4 units, and so on. It’s a simple system that is easy to understand, and easy to apply to a game.

The problem with the system is that a losing streak can quickly but the betting amount astronomically high. If winning, the system grants a slow, but steady stream of small winnings.

If losing more than about 5 times in a row, however, the player is quickly having to bet huge amounts in an effort to cover losses. In other words, the system can quickly collapse in the face of a losing streak.

Combined With Blackjack

Using the Martingale system with blackjack is as simple as one would assume. The bet need only be doubled after a loss, and reduced back down to 1 after a win.

On the surface, the system works reasonably well, and can be adequate for some time. But, once again, will fall apart if enough losses in a row are incurred. For this reason many professional gamblers suggest not using the Martingale system.

For beginner players, however, the Martingale system is a great teacher on how more advanced betting systems work.

Using the Martingale system, even for a short while, will help a learning player get into a mindset of how betting systems can function, and so for this reason is a good starting point.

It need simply be kept in mind that only low stakes tables should be tackled with this betting system, lest the situation get out of control fast.

Other betting strategies are also available online, for free.

Single VS Multi-Hand Blackjack Games

Single Vs. Multi-Hand Blackjack Games

If you’ve just opened the virtual doors to the incredibly big and exciting world of online blackjack and you’re looking to find out what the difference is between single hand blackjack and multi-hand blackjack, then fear not because we’re about to face the 2 variants off to help you decide.

You will have noticed that aside from single deck blackjack games, you can try your luck at games with 2, 4, 6 or 8 decks, offering a far more intense and rewarding game of blackjack. Let’s take a look at the differences so that you can decide which suits you better.

Single Hand Blackjack: The Holy Grail

A large portion of long-time playing blackjack enthusiasts consider single hand blackjack to be the best in offering greater chances of upping your bankroll, with the house edge as low as 0.15%.

More recently, however, a rise in the number of people counting cards in order to gain higher profits has pushed casinos to shift towards multi-hand blackjack. It offers a more difficult gameplay and slightly increases the house edge.

Which Gives You Better Odds?

While many casinos still offer single deck blackjack, you should for a second be fooled into thinking it will give you better odds. Most casinos will offer you a payout of 6:5, whereas single hand games usually offer 3:2.

This essentially means you’re in for a bigger payout if you can face the challenge of a multi-hand blackjack game – and whether you are a fan of table games or Aristocrat pokies bigger payouts are always worth your while.

The Art of Card Counting

The many crafty card counters that walk among us have attempted implementing their strategies in multi-hand blackjack games and, in spite of it requiring far more calculations and even more risk of losing your count, they have proved successful.

Unfortunately, casinos have started to employ an arsenal of manoeuvres to interfere with counters, including a shuffle machine that shuffles cards with every hand.

Advantages & Disadvantages of Single Hand Blackjack

So to sum things up, the advantages of single hand blackjack include the low house edge that sits at 0.15%, along with the fact that card counters can easily implement their strategies when playing.

The disadvantages, on the other hand, include the fact that casinos have caught on to the card counters intentions, and have thus made it a lot harder for them with disadvantageous rules, which could very easily effect the house edge.

Advantages & Disadvantages of Multi-Hand Blackjack

Multi-hand blackjack has a number of advantages for those looking for a bit more thrill and higher payouts.

You can implement different blackjack strategies for each and every one of your hands and you can double down on each, so overall the possible rewards will be higher.

That said, card counters will have a tough time using their strategies with multi-hand blackjack games, and the house edge is of course lower than single-deck games. It really depends on the kind of player you are, or want to be.

Card Counting Explained – Know the Facts and How to Win

Regardless of who you may be, if you’re paying a visit to your local casino then your main goal is to try and win as much money as you possibly can, which ultimately requires getting an edge over the house.

This is exactly why casino put a lot of effort into stopping the players at their casinos from cheating and trying to gain an upper hand.

Whether it is a loaded die or a complex signalling strategy, cunning players will do anything to win more money.

Card Counting in Blackjack

Card counting is primarily used when playing Blackjack, and in spite of what you may think, it actually isn’t illegal, nor is it considered cheating.

So, if you’re willing to give it a go, fear not because you won’t end up ‘sleeping with the fishes’, despite what many movies will have you believe.

Know the Facts and How to Win - Card Counting Explained

We tend to believe a lot of the thing depicted in films, which is probably why most people think it requires a pure genius to do, and probably also why I’ve had a sneaking suspicion the world’s casino industry is responsible for movies like Rain Man, 21 and even the Hangover.

Count Cards & Then Your Money

Jokes aside, card counting is a lot easier than you think and it basically requires a decent understanding of Blackjack as well as knowing how to add and subtract.

This ultimately means that whether you only find yourself at the Blackjack table from time to time or even if you spend most of your time enjoying the many great online slots Canada has to offer, you have just as much chance counting cards and winning big money as anyone else with a high-school diploma.

The best thing to do is practice your Blackjack skills and implement strategies to get a deeper understanding of the game and how to keep track without having to memorise every card drawn.

The Art Of Counting Cards

If you know Blackjack, you know that the 10s, the picture cards and the Aces are useful to players, while the lower cards (2-6) will be useful to the dealer because they have to stick with anything over 17 and hit with anything less.

The remaining cards, 7, 8, and 9 are considered neutral, as they don’t always benefit the dealer or the player.

This essentially means that there is always an even number of desirable and undesirable cards in play, which is where the card counting starts to come into play.

We know that every time a card is dealt the number of cards (or shoe) gets smaller, and that there are 20 desirable cards, 20 undesirable cards and 12 neutral cards.

So, when trying to become a card counting connoisseur your task is to subtract or add cards from the deck with simple maths, whereby you’ll assign +1 to undesirable cards, -1 to desirable cards and 0 to the neutral cards.

The trick thereafter is to take note of whether you are in minus figures then you know you are at a slight advantage and you can place your bets accordingly. It isn’t fool proof in terms of winning, but it certainly increases your chances.

Fantastic Variety of Online Blackjack Variations

Each online blackjack variation will vary in terms of rules and the odds of winning, but no matter which variation you choose, we can guarantee that you’re going to have fun.

The amount of decks will vary and you may come across games that use up to 8 decks, which increases the level of difficulty substantially.

Take a look at some of the most popular online blackjack variations below.

Vegas Strip Blackjack

  • Played with four 52-card decks
  • Dealer stands on soft 17
  • Dealer will ‘peek’ for blackjack
  • Players may double down on any initial hand
  • Players may double down after splitting
  • Players may split up to 4 hands
  • Aces may only be split once
  • Only 1 card can be taken to split aces
  • 21 on split aces does not constitute blackjack
  • Players may split unlike 10-value cards such as K and Q

Blackjack Surrender

  • Great option for beginners
  • Rules are identical to regular blackjack, except that players are allowed to surrender
  • House edge is lower owing to the option to surrender
  • Only half of the initial bet is lost if a player decides to surrender
  • Dealer is required to hit on soft 17
  • Dealer will ‘peek’ for blackjack
  • Initial 2 card hand can be split if both cards are of the same value
  • Players may double down after splitting
  • Player has the option to take insurance if the dealer shows an ace

Progressive Blackjack

  • Players bet as usual, but there is also a progressive jackpot up for grabs
  • Rules are the same as classic blackjack
  • Particularly popular among online blackjack Canada players
  • Players must post an additional side bet in order to qualify for the progressive jackpot
  • Surrender is not an option
  • Players can win the progressive jackpot by having 4 suited aces
  • If the progressive jackpot is not won, there is still the chance to win smaller pay outs as such: 3 suited aces pays 5000:1, 4 aces of any suit pays 2500:1, 3 aces of any suit pays 250:1, 2 suited aces pays 100:1, 2 aces of any suit pays 25:1

Blackjack Switch

  • Rules of classic blackjack apply
  • Players are dealt 2 hands of 2 cards each
  • Once players have studied the first 2 cards of each hand, players are able to switch the cards between hands if they so choose – hence the name
  • Whether the 2 cards are switched or not, the player continues to play both hands separately, choosing to hit, stand, split, or double down
  • The player can win or lose both or only one hand

Double Exposure Blackjack

  • Both of the dealer’s cards are dealt face up which benefits the player
  • House edge is greater than standard blackjack which favours the house
  • Dealer wins on all ties, unless it’s a natural blackjack
  • Player blackjack pays even money
  • Player can only split a hand once

Spanish Blackjack

  • Played with either 6 or 8 standard 52-card deck with 4 tens removed to make a 48-card deck
  • Player hand worth 21 always wins, irrespective of what the dealer holds
  • Players may double down on any initial 2-card hand
  • Players may hit and double down after splitting any card values, even aces
  • Players may surrender after doubling, forfeiting the original bet but keeping the double down bet
  • If a player wins with a 5-card 21, the pay-out is 3-to-2
  • If a player wins with a 6-card 21, the pay-out is 2-to-1
  • If a player wins with a 7 or more card 21, the pay-out is 3-to-1

Have fun with these variations and remember to only use reputable online casinos!

7 Tips for Success with Blackjack for Beginners

7 Blackjack Tips for Success When You’re Just Starting Out

Ready for some blackjack tips? Even beginners to the game of blackjack know about card counting, and while some argue that it’s a piece of cake, the idea of card counting is beyond the purview of the average player.

However, blackjack offers good odds and it possible to achieve blackjack success without counting cards – as long as you follow a few basic rules and strategies.

We consulted a few experts for advice for rookie players.

1. Basic Blackjack Playing Strategy

Remembering the right way to hit, stand, double down, or split your hand is absolutely imperative, and if you stick to these basic rules you’ll cut the house edge down from 1-2% to 0.5%!

  • Stand when you hold between 12-16 and the dealer shows between 2-6
  • Hit when you hold between 12-16 and the dealer shows between 7-ace
  • Always split aces and 8s
  • Double down on 11 when the dealer shows between 2-10
  • Hit or double down on anything between ace-6

2. Don’t Take Up Insurance

Unless you are a skilled card counter, taking up insurance is a complete waste of money. When taking up insurance you are essentially making a 2nd bet with extra money with regards to whether the dealer has blackjack.

On average, the house has an almost 6% advantage over the play when it comes to insurance bets and even if you do have blackjack you will only win your original bet.

If the dealer has blackjack as well, it’s a push.

Blackjack tips for Beginners - online casino

3. Check the Dealer’s Up Card

This is one of the most important blackjack tips. Before you make any decision regarding whether to hit, stand, double down, or split your hand, take a careful look at what the dealer is holding.

It’s good news for you if he’s showing anything between 2-6 but bad news for you if he’s showing anything between 7-ace.

The dealer’s up card should always influence your next move. Remember, you will make mistakes when you’re getting started, but that’s why taking advantage of Canadian casino bonuses is so important – they can cushion the blow in the beginning.

4. Choose Your Seat Wisely

When you’re just getting started you’re going to need some extra time to review the dealer’s up card and your own hand before making a decision, so make sure to not take the first base seat.

Avoiding this seat will buy you some extra time while the dealer moves through the other players. This is one of the blackjack tips often overlooked.

blackjack tips for beginners - 7 tips when playing blackjack at an online casino

5. Start Small

When you’re new to blackjack it is advised that you start off slowly and ease your way into the game.

Don’t go in firing on all 4 cylinders if you’ve never played a hand before, as you will most likely come up short unfortunately.

Slow down, enjoy the experience, and every move will become far more calculated.

6. Don’t Believe the Gambler’s Myths

No matter what you’ve read, it isn’t possible for another player at the table to influence the way your hand goes.

Even though there are other players at the table, you are playing alone against the dealer, and the other players don’t know what you have and vice versa.

7. Know When to Stop

Many casino surveys over the years have documented how as many as 75% of players will be winning at some point, but only 4% come out with more than they went in with.

Having said that – decide on an amount that you’re willing to lose in a single session and stick to it. If you’re up in numbers at any point, that’s when it’s a good time to stop.

Hopefully you enjoyed these blackjack tips, and if you did, don’t forget to share this with others!

The History Of Blackjack – How The Game Started And Grew

The Evolution of Blackjack

The most important part of any casino is, inherently, its games, and few games have captured the hearts and minds of players all around the world quite the same way that blackjack has.

Every casino worth its weight offers blackjack in some form or another, and apart from poker and slots, blackjack is, without a doubt, one of the most popular games in the world.

Modern blackjack is bound by a very specific set of rules that, while varying slightly from casino to casino, keep the game in order and ensure that card counting and strategies are kept to a minimum.

These rules, like every part of the game, have evolved over time, starting with the earliest versions of the game and growing into the modern phenomena that so many enjoy and play to this day.

Like with most casino games, blackjack has an old and rich history that can be dated back to Europe.

Blackjack America - casino games online

 

The Beginnings of Blackjack

Blackjack found its beginnings in an assortment of other card games that were played all over Spain and France.

These games were all different, but they all involved decks of cards and that players had to try and drawing as close to set values as possible.

Such games as Trente-un (thirty one) are seen as the forefathers of today’s blackjack, and while they share many similarities, these games required were often based more on the cards the player was given straight away as opposed to what blackjack players are used to.

After some time, the game of 21 stood out from the rest, and this was the game that was to become what we know as blackjack.

The reason this game gained more popularity than the others was due to the fact that players were given choice during the game: either to hit or stand.

This alone set it apart from other random chance games, and gave players the idea that they could inject their own strategies into the game, improving their chances of winning.

Canadian mobile casino - online gambling

Blackjack in America

The game of 21 swept across Europe and England, and was among the most-played card games that players enjoyed.

It began popping up around America, and during the First World War, people began offering payouts to those that received a black jack and an ace of spades, and this eventually lead to the game adopting the name that we all know today.

The Americans also added two new rules to the game that only further cemented its popularity: one of which was to allow players to see the card the dealer was going to use next, and secondly, for dealers to start using special house rules.

These two rules revolutionised the game for normal players. As it gave them the chance to create their own strategies and actually beat the game.

Modern Blackjack

Whether you’re playing at Las Vegas or enjoying a state-of-the-art Canadian mobile casino, blackjack hasn’t changed much in the last hundred years.

Most casinos have put severe limits on the ability of players to successfully count cards, and strategies can be difficult to use in most games.

However, the game remains as one of the most beloved across the world, and shows no signs of ever slowing down.

How Online Blackjack Works – The Ins And Outs Of Blackjack

A Primer in the Basics of Online Blackjack

There are countless casino games in the world, some of them played quite exclusively, and others played by millions every day.

Blackjack is one of those few games that sits somewhere in the middle – being enjoyed in bulk online by players all over the world, but also a unique table game that you’ll always find in a land-based casino.

While blackjack has always been a favourite in the casino world, it was its online evolution that truly made it skyrocket to the top, where it has remained to this day.

Learning blackjack is extremely easy as the rules are simple and the dealers keep you updated as the game progresses, but it is not quite the same with the online version of the game.

play online blackjack - casino games online

Computers handle everything that happens in front of the player, and for this reason is can be difficult to understand exactly how the online components work behind the scenes; and what exactly the computers are doing while you’re playing.

Playing blackjack 21 online is among the best card game of chance for anyone interested, but before you start, take some time to learn exactly what happens when you load up your favourite game of blackjack.

A Brief History of Online Blackjack

Blackjack as a whole is a game that spans hundreds of years, first finding popularity as a game of chance in European countries such as Spain and France.

As it grew across the world and found itself in North America, the game changed and evolved into the modern iteration that we are all familiar with today.

Online casinos that were first introduced in the late 1990s added digitized blackjack to their range of games, and it turned out to be a massive hit.

Evolution Gaming - online blackjack strategy

The computers that managed the game became more and more advanced, allowing for different versions.

How The Game Works Online

Blackjack is a simple game as its core. The goal for the player is to try and use their cards to try and score as high to 21 as possible, with the higher the score, the better the odds of winning the game.

As the game progresses, players have the chance to either hit or stand, meaning they can choose to take a new card, or stay with the ones they have.

This is where the inherent risk lies, because if a player takes a card that is too high a value, they can automatically lose the game and forfeit any potential winnings.

Online blackjack works the same, except for a live dealer, the computer uses a random number generator system, also known as RNG, to give players cards at completely random.

Every online game will make use of special rules, known as house rules, which are set by the casino offering the game.

These rules set the odds of the game including the house edge and the ultimate payout, as well as whether the player can use special moves such as doubling down.

Live Dealers Online

Another popular variant of online blackjack is those games that are played with a live dealer. These games are becoming increasingly popular, with brands like Evolution Gaming leading the way.

In live blackjack there is a human dealer on the other side who manages the game, and blackjack of this type is usually played by a number of different players.

It is much easier to implement strategies with live dealers, as human dealers cannot deal cards as randomly as computers can.

All in all, it is up to the player to decide the kind of blackjack that suits them most.

The Best Blackjack Players of All Time

Most people are very familiar with the game of blackjack, thanks to both its popularity in casinos as well as its ease to play at home among friends.

Whether you are playing a fun game or trying to earn big in the casinos, there is no doubt that blackjack is a game of strategy and patience, and it can take years of practice before you start playing in the big leagues and taking home everything the casino has to offer.

There are hundreds of professional blackjack players around the world, and each one has earned their right to be among the best players the industry has to offer.

But even among this group of seasoned professionals, there are some that truly reign supreme, and stand out above the rest. These are the best of the best, the biggest earners in the blackjack world, the players that all others aspire to.

Practising Blackjack

One of the best ways to become good at blackjack is through practice, and there is no easier way to do this than by doing it online.

Some of the best blackjack games are available on the internet, and if you want to try other games as well, it is easy to find poker, craps, roulette, and some of the best online slots Canada has to offer.

If you want to become a professional player, one of the best things to do if follow these names and see how they play – learn who they are, how they did it, and what it takes to become the best blackjack player in the world.

Bryce Carlson

Bryce Carlson is the unrivalled master of blackjack, having started playing the game in the 1970s.

Despite his skill at blackjack, one of the reasons he is so famous among players is due to all the tips, tricks, and strategies he has given away over the years to help other players get better at the game.

On top of this, he wrote an extremely popular book on the game that has been the bible for blackjack players for almost 20 years.

Carlson was very quick to turn to online blackjack once online casinos started offering it, and he even developed a custom blackjack machine called the Omega II to help him analyse the game. To date, Carlson is still considered the best player in the world.

Arnold Snyder - poker champion

Edward O. Thorpe

Another legend among the blackjack community, Thorpe is an American professor of mathematics who has a deep love and appreciation of the game.

Thorpe developed a unique way of counting cards which made him both successful and famous, and has since written a detailed book on how he managed to create his card counting techniques.

Arnold Snyder

Arnold Snyder is among the blackjack greats, and has become both a professional blackjack player and accomplished gambling author.

When Snyder first noticed how the cards were shuffled at casinos, he decided to create his own strategy using a combination of card shuffling and card counting, and it proved to be a massive success.

 

Since then, Snyder has gone on to write many books on the subject, and remains as one of the world’s foremost blackjack authors.